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Preparation of Graphite Nanoplatelets by Perchloric Acid Intercalation, Microwave Expansion and Ultrasonic Irradiation

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Abstract:

Graphite nanoplatelets were prepared by a new process, i.e., perchloric acid intercalation, microwave expansion and ultrasonic irradiation. The resulting graphite nanoplatelets were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. These graphite nanoplatelets have thicknesses of about 35 nm with different discrete sheet-like morphologies and about eighty layers of carbon monolayer. The interlayer spacing is about 0.432 nm, which is higher than the previous published value of 0.335 nm.

Keywords: CARBON MATERIALS; GRAPHITE NANOPLATELETS; MICROWAVE HEATING EXPANSION; NANOPARTICLES; ULTRASONIC IRRADIATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/asl.2012.2030

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
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