Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Fluorescent Water Dispersible ZnO Quantum Dots
We report the synthesis of stable and water dispersible fluorescent zinc oxide (ZnO) quantum dots (QDs). Hydrophilic polyethyleneimine (PEI) was used to stabilize QDs in water and trisodiumcitrate was used as linker between ZnO and PEI. X-ray diffraction reveals the nanocrystalline nature and hexagonal wurtzite structure of as synthesized ZnO QDs. High-resolution transmission electron micrograph suggests nearly spherical particles of size 3–6 nm and lattice spacing of 0.28 nm corresponding to the (100) plane of zinc oxide. Water dispersed ZnO QDs exhibit efficient yellow-green fluorescence centered at 555 nm (2.23 eV) with an excitation wavelength of 360 nm, which is found to be stable for two month revealing the high stability of QDs in water.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-09-01
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