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Synthesis and Characterization of Highly Fluorescent Water Dispersible ZnO Quantum Dots

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We report the synthesis of stable and water dispersible fluorescent zinc oxide (ZnO) quantum dots (QDs). Hydrophilic polyethyleneimine (PEI) was used to stabilize QDs in water and trisodiumcitrate was used as linker between ZnO and PEI. X-ray diffraction reveals the nanocrystalline nature and hexagonal wurtzite structure of as synthesized ZnO QDs. High-resolution transmission electron micrograph suggests nearly spherical particles of size 3–6 nm and lattice spacing of 0.28 nm corresponding to the (100) plane of zinc oxide. Water dispersed ZnO QDs exhibit efficient yellow-green fluorescence centered at 555 nm (2.23 eV) with an excitation wavelength of 360 nm, which is found to be stable for two month revealing the high stability of QDs in water.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
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