Upright Cardiac Output Measurements in the Transition to Weightlessness During Parabolic Flights
Abstract:Limper U, Gauger P, Beck LEJ. Upright cardiac output measurements in the transition to weightlessness during parabolic flights. Aviat Space Environ Med 2011; 82:448–54.
Objective: Aims of this study were: 1) to determine cardiac output by inert gas rebreathing (COreb) during transition into 0 Gz in the standing position; and 2) to compare impedance cardiography (ICG) and pulse contour method (PCM) with COreb as a reference method. Methods: We measured baseline COreb and heart rate (HR) on the ground, and COreb, COpcm, COicg, and HR in standing and supine positions in the transition to weightlessness in six subjects. We conducted repeated measures ANOVA, Bland and Altman analysis, and analysis of percentage error of each data set. Results: COreb rose from 5.03 ± 0.7 upright ground control to 11.45 ± 3.6 L · min−1 in 0 Gz. HR and stroke volume (SV) rose from 83 ± 14 to 113 ± 19 bpm and from 61 ± 6 to 99 ± 18 ml, respectively. Mean COreb, COpcm, and COicg across all conditions were 10.45 ± 3.04, 7.42 ± 1.71, and 6.57 ± 2.46 L · min−1, respectively. Overall Bland and Altman analysis showed poor agreement for COpcm and COicg compared to COreb. Discussion: Large bias for both comparisons indicated that both PCM and ICG underestimate the true CO value. Paired CO values of individual subjects showed a better correlation between methods and a broad bias range, indicating a preponderant role for large between-subjects variability. Repeated COreb determinations in 1 Gz (i.e., when the cardiovascular system is in a steady state) should be used for calibration of the PCM and of ICG data. PCM and ICG can then be used to track CO dynamics during rapid changes of acceleration profiles.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2011
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