Skip to main content

Free Content Brain MRI Signal Abnormalities and Right-to-Left Shunting in Asymptomatic Military Divers

Download Article:
 Download
(HTML 43.2587890625 kb)
 
or
 Download
(PDF 506.7822265625 kb)
 
Gempp E, Sbardella F, Stephant E, Constantin P, De Maistre S, Louge P, Blatteau J-E. Brain MRI signal abnormalities and right-to-left shunting in asymptomatic military divers. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81:1008–12.

Introduction: We conducted a controlled study to assess the prevalence of brain MRI hyperintense signals and their correlation with right-to-left shunting (RLS) in military divers. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 32 asymptomatic military divers under 41 yr of age and 32 non-diving healthy subjects matched with respect to age and vascular disease risk factors. We examined both groups with a 3-Tesla brain MRI; RLS was detected using transcranial pulsed Doppler in divers only. Results: Hyperintense spots were observed in 43.7% of the divers and 21.8% of the control subjects. In particular, divers with significant shunting exhibited a higher prevalence of hyperintensities compared to those with slight or no RLS (75% vs. 25%, respectively). Linear trend analysis also revealed a positive correlation between focal white matter changes, determined using a validated visual rating scale and the RLS grade. Conclusion: Healthy military divers with a hemodynamically relevant RLS have an increased likelihood of cerebral hyperintense spots compared to age-matched normal subjects. The clinical relevance of these MRI signal abnormalities and their causal relationship with diving remain unclear.

29 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: decompression sickness; diving; magnetic resonance imaging; patent foramen ovale

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-11-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more