Cardiovascular and Thermal Responses to Repeated Head-Up Tilts Following Exercise-Induced Heat Stress
Abstract:Armstrong RG, Seely AJ, Kilby D, Journeay WS, Kenny GP. Cardiovascular and thermal responses to repeated head-up tilts following exercise-induced heat stress. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81:646–53.
Background: We evaluated the acute cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses to repeated 70° head-up tilts (HUT) performed following exercise-induced hyperthermia. Methods: Eight male subjects underwent intermittent episodes of 70° HUT in either a non-exercise/non-heat stress state (NH) or an exercise-induced hyperthermic state (EIH). Subjects remained supine for 30 min in a thermoneutral environment (22°C) and were subsequently exposed to three successive 6-min 70° head-up tilts (HUT1, HUT2, HUT3), each separated by 10 min of supine resting. During EIH, subjects were rendered hyperthermic by exercise in the heat (core temperature of ~40.0°C) and were then transferred to an ambient temperature of 22°C. We evaluated the relative change in hemodynamic and thermal responses from the last minute in the supine position preceding the HUT to the final minute in HUT. Results: While we measured a difference in the relative change in heart rate between conditions for all HUTs, no differences were observed in mean arterial pressure (MAP), total peripheral resistance, or cardiac output. A reduced change in baroreceptor sensitivity was measured in EIH for HUT1 only (−2 ± 1 ms · mmHg−1 following EIH compared to −13 ± 3 ms · mmHg−1 during NH). A significant transient reduction in cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) occurred during HUT1 and HUT2 following EIH (−20 ± 5 %CVCmax and −9 ± 3 %CVCmax, respectively), despite significant elevations in core temperature above resting levels (i.e., 1.4°C and 0.9°C for HUT1 and HUT2). Conclusion: We conclude that the maintenance of MAP following exercise in the heat is mitigated by reductions in skin perfusion despite significant elevations in core temperature.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-07-01
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