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Glaucoma Pharmacotherapy: Implications for Flying Fitness

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Abstract:

Lam PM. Glaucoma pharmacotherapy: implications for flying fitness. Aviat Space Environ Med 2005; 76:786–93.

The objective of lowering the intraocular pressures remains the mainstay of therapy in the management of glaucoma, and may be achieved by medication, laser, or surgery. For many years the pharmacotherapy available, while quite effective, were few in number; principally timolol, pilocarpine, and oral acetazolamide. Through extensive research in glaucoma treatment, ophthalmologists now have access to a dozen different medications to treat glaucoma. This has invariably led to a decrease in the need for laser or surgery to control the intraocular pressures, and the number of glaucoma operations performed has progressively declined over the past few years. However, aviation medicine practitioners need to be aware of the potential adverse effects of these medications as some of these undesirable side effects may render the drugs unsuitable for aircrew.

Keywords: anti-glaucoma medications; aqueous dynamics; intraocular pressure; visual field

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-08-01

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