Open Access

Animal Surgery During Spaceflight on the Neurolab Shuttle Mission

Authors: Campbell, Mark R.; Williams, David R.; Buckey, Jay C.; Kirkpatrick, Andrew W.

Source: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Volume 76, Number 6, June 2005 , pp. 589-593(5)

Publisher: Aerospace Medical Association

Buy & download fulltext article:

Open Access The full text is Open Access.

View now:
HTML 38.8kb 
or
PDF 71.5kb 

Abstract:

Campbell MR, Williams DR, Buckey JC Jr, Kirkpatrick AW. Animal surgery during spaceflight on the Neurolab shuttle mission. Aviat Space Environ Med 2005; 76:589–593.

Introduction: A surgical procedure has never been required or performed on a human in space. Parabolic microgravity simulations have suggested that surgery would be technically feasible during spaceflight. Procedures: Survival surgery was performed for the first time on rats during the STS-90 Neurolab Shuttle mission. Craniotomy, leg dissection, thoracotomy, laminectomy, and laparotomy were performed as a part of physiological investigations. Results: Surgical techniques successfully demonstrated in rats during spaceflight included general anesthesia, wound closure, wound healing, hemostasis, control of surgical fluids, operator restraint, and control of surgical instruments. No decrement in manual dexterity was noted by the crew, although operative time was longer compared with ground experience due to the need to maintain restraint of surgical supplies and instruments. Conclusions: The demonstration that technically demanding dissections could be accomplished successfully in space on rats suggests that comparable complex surgical procedures should be feasible on humans, if necessary, on future long- duration missions.

Keywords: Microgravity; dexterity; hemostasis; parabolic flight; restraint; wound healing

Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: June 1, 2005

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content

Text size:

A | A | A | A
Share this item with others: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. print icon Print this page