Drug-Abuse Deterrent Formulations

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Abstract:

Prescription drug abuse is a large and growing problem. In the decade between 1992 and 2002, prescriptions for controlled substances increased roughly three times faster than prescriptions for noncontrolled substances and 12 times faster than the general population. With drug/formulation tampering now a prevalent problem, regulators and manufacturers have turned to the manufacturing process for ways to decrease the likelihood that a specific formulation is abuse-ready. Abuse-deterrent formulations are one aspect of a comprehensive approach to prescription drug risk management. Several approaches seem most likely to deter misuse and abuse: adding agonists or excipients that foil tampering efforts, using physical barriers, and designing prodrugs.

Abbreviations: ADF = Abuse-deterrent formulation, CSA = Controlled Substances Act, DEA = Drug Enforcement Agency, FDA = Food and Drug Administration, NDA = New Drug Application.

Keywords: Abuse-deterrent formulation; Drug Misuse; Drug abuse; Drug formulation; Prescription drug abuse; Prodrug

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4140/TCP.n.2009.356

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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  • The Consultant Pharmacist® is the official peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists. It is dedicated exclusively to the medication needs of the elderly in all settings, including adult day care, ambulatory care, assisted living, community, hospice, and nursing facilities. This award-winning journal is a member benefit of ASCP. Individuals who are not members and wish to receive The Consultant Pharmacist® will want to consider joining ASCP.
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