Evaluation of the Perception of Cultural Competency Assessment Instrument for Allied Health Students
Abstract:Background: A growing effort is aimed at reducing health disparities influenced by culturally based misinterpretations between patients and health professionals. There are few validated instruments to assess students' self-efficacy of cultural understandings that are linked to pre and post testing of educational interventions.
Purpose: To evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument that measures perception of self-efficacy with respect to cultural competency in allied health students.
Methods: The Perception of Cultural Competency Assessemnt (POCCA) was developed and subsequently evaluated for reliability and validity in a convenience sample of 135 students of allied health programs.
Results: The POCCA demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (a = .92) and 2-week test–retest reliability of (R =.78). Four sub-scales were identified by factor analysis that accounted for 63% of total variance. The subscale α coefficients ranged from .61 to .89, and inter-item correlations varied from (R = .41-53). POCCA total scores following an educational intervention were significantly higher compared to pre-test values (p<.00001).
Discussion: While these findings provide support for POCCA, more refinement is warranted. The challenge remains to improve the test–retest reliability and to expand the sample to evaluate its effectiveness in a broader context.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2008
More about this publication?
- The Journal of Allied Health is the official publication of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP). The Journal is the only interdisciplinary allied health periodical, publishing scholarly works related to research and development, feature articles, research abstracts and book reviews. Readers of the Journal comprise allied health leaders, educators, faculty and students.
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