Scratching Beneath the Surface: Influencing Factors on Nurses’’ Attitudes Toward the Use of Seclusion
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, Volume 32, Number 7, July 2011 , pp. 449-456(8)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Reducing the use of seclusion is now widely identified as a quality issue for mental health services and reflects recognition of the detrimental impact of seclusion on consumers of services. Despite this, the research evidence suggests that nurses continue to support the use of seclusion in order to maintain a safe environment. The aim of this study was to consider how factors such as Therapeutic Optimism, Job Satisfaction, and Burnout might relate to nurses’’ attitudes toward seclusion. The Heyman Attitudes to Seclusion Survey, Elsom Therapeutic Optimism Scale, Maslach's Burnout Inventory, and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaires were completed by 123 nurses employed in one of eight participating mental health services. Data analysis included Spearman's rho and independent-samples t-tests statistics. The findings suggested several significant relationships between attitudes toward seclusion and therapeutic optimism, job satisfaction, and burnout. Participants with higher optimism scores, high intrinsic motivation, low emotional exhaustion, and high personal accomplishment were more likely to respond negatively to the use of seclusion. This research enhances our understanding of attitudes toward seclusion and may assist in the development of interventions to influence more positive attitudes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institute for Health and Social Science Research and School of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, CQUniversity Australia, Rockhampton, Australia 2: CQUniversity Australia, Institute of Health and Social Sciences Research, Rockhampton, Australia
Publication date: July 1, 2011