Differential elemental distribution of retained particles along the respiratory tract
Authors: Saieg, Mauro A.; Cury, Patricia M.1; Godleski, John J.2; Stearns, Rebecca2; Duarte, Luis G.P.1; D''Agostino, Liz3; Kahn, Henrique3; Pinto, Emilia M.4; Mauad, Thais4; Saldiva, Paulo H.N.4; Bernardi, Fabiola D.C.
Source: Inhalation Toxicology, Volume 23, Number 8, July 2011 , pp. 459-467(9)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Context: Prolonged exposure to ambient particles is associated with premature mortality due to cardio-respiratory diseases and lung cancer. The size and composition of these particles determine their toxicity, which is aggravated by their long-term retention in the lungs.Objective: To compare the elemental profile of particles retained along the bronchial tree and lymph nodes by combining laser capture microdissection (LCM) and elemental composition analysis through energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).Material and methods: Twenty-four right lung middle lobes from autopsied cases were obtained from two cities with different pollution backgrounds. Lung samples were collected from three distinct sites within the lung at the time of autopsy: peribronchial tissue, peripheral parenchyma and hilar lymph nodes. Areas of potentially increased particle deposition were microdissected using LCM and analyzed for elemental composition through EDX ““allied with SEM.Results: Elemental analyses of the particles retained along the bronchial tree showed two groups of distribution: peribronchiolar or lymph node deposition. The elemental profile of peribronchial areas were significantly different between the two cities and were better discriminators of past air pollution exposure.Conclusion: Our data suggest that particle uptake varies along the bronchial tree and human lung tissue retains particles indicative of regional air pollution background.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: 3Department of Pathology, Sãão Joséé do Rio Preto Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil 2: 4Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA 3: 5Technological Characterization Laboratory, University of Sãão Paulo Engineering School, Sao Paulo, Brazil 4: 1Department of Pathology, University of Sãão Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Publication date: 2011-07-01
- In this: publication
- By this: publisher
- In this Subject: Internal Medicine
- By this author: Saieg, Mauro A. ; Cury, Patricia M. ; Godleski, John J. ; Stearns, Rebecca ; Duarte, Luis G.P. ; D''Agostino, Liz ; Kahn, Henrique ; Pinto, Emilia M. ; Mauad, Thais ; Saldiva, Paulo H.N. ; Bernardi, Fabiola D.C.