Chemical analysis of cigarette smoke particulate generated in the MSB-01 in vitro whole smoke exposure system

Authors: Scian, Mariano J.1; Oldham, Michael J.2; Miller, John H.3; Kane, David B.2; Edmiston, Jeffery S.2; McKinney, Willie J.2

Source: Inhalation Toxicology, Volume 21, Number 12, October 2009 , pp. 1040-1052(13)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

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Abstract:

Cigarette mainstream smoke (MS) is a dynamic aerosol consisting of a gas–vapor phase and a particulate phase. In recent years, novel in vitro whole smoke exposure systems have been developed to expose cells directly to whole MS. One such system is the Burghart Mimic Smoker-01 (MSB-01). Our previous data using the MSB-01 indicated that a 50 ± 10% loss of particulate matter occurred prior to MS delivery into the exposure chamber. Additionally, a change in aerosol particle diameter was also measured, suggesting that the chemical composition of MS might be changing within the system. In this study, we have expanded on our previous work and compared the particulate phase chemical composition of undiluted and diluted MS generated by the instrument and that of the MS delivered into the exposure chamber. The average percent delivery of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) detected for all the measured chemical constituents was 35 ± 13% for undiluted MS and 23 ± 8% for 1:1 diluted MS. The data also indicate that under our experimental conditions, incomplete mixing of the freshly generated MS occurs during its dilution by the system. Taken together, the data presented here show that significant chemical changes occur between the generation of MS by the system and its delivery into the exposure chamber. This indicates that due to the dynamic nature of cigarette smoke, it is important to characterize the exposure conditions in order to gain the best insight and accurately correlate exposure with biological endpoints.

Keywords: chemical analysis; cigarette smoke condensate; exposure; in vitro

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08958370802712705

Affiliations: 1: 1Rem X Speciality Staffing, c/o Altria Client Services, Richmond, VA, USA 2: 2Altria Client Services, Center for Research and Technology, Richmond, VA, USA 3: 3Philip Morris USA Research Center, Richmond, VA, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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