Diesel exhaust, thrombus formation, and Kounis syndrome: A potential association
Authors: Hahalis, George; Kounis, George N.; Soufras, George D.; Kouni, Sophia A.; Kounis, Nicholas G.
Source: Inhalation Toxicology, Volume 21, Number 5, April 2009 , pp. 431-432(2)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Diesel exhaust (DE) is associated with triggering acute myocardial infarction. Furthermore, DE can induce and exacerbate hypersensitivity responses, amplify the production of a variety of chemokines and cytokines, facilitate interactions between inflammatory cells and act as allergen transporter. Therefore Kounis syndrome Type I which includes patients with normal coronary arteries, and Type II variant which applies to individuals with quiescent preexisting atheromatous disease can be the result of these hypersensitivity processes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Medical Sciences, Patras Highest Institute of Education and Technology, Patras, Greece
Publication date: April 2009