SAFETY ASSESSMENT FOR HAIR-SPRAY RESINS: RISK ASSESSMENT BASED ON RODENT INHALATION STUDIES
Authors: Carthew, Philip; Griffiths, Heather; Keech, Stephen; Hartop, Peter
Source: Inhalation Toxicology, Volume 14, Number 4, 1 April 2002 , pp. 401-416(16)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:The methods involved in the safety assessment of resins used in hair-spray products have received little peer review, or debate in the published literature, despite their widespread use, in both hairdressing salons and the home. The safety assessment for these resins currently involves determining the type of lung pathology that can be caused in animal inhalation exposure studies, and establishing the no-observable-effect level (NOEL) for these pathologies. The likely human consumer exposure is determined by techniques that model the simulated exposure under "in use" conditions. From these values it is then possible to derive the likely safety factors for human exposure. An important part of this process would be to recognize the intrinsic differences between rodents and humans in terms of the respiratory doses that each species experiences during inhalation exposures, for the purpose of the safety assessment. Interspecies scaling factors become necessary when comparing the exposure doses experienced by rats, compared to humans, because of basic differences between species in lung clearance rates and the alveolar area in the lungs. The rodent inhalation data and modeled human exposure to Resin 6965, a resin polymer that is based on vinyl acetate, has been used to calculate the safety factor for human consumer exposure to this resin, under a range of "in use" exposure conditions. The use of this safety assessment process clearly demonstrates that Resin 6965 is acceptable for human consumer exposure under the conditions considered in this risk assessment.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Safety and Environmental Assurance Centre, Unilever Colworth Laboratory, Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom
Publication date: 2002-04-01