Uptake, Tissue Distribution, and Fate of Inhaled Carbon Tetrachloride: Comparison of Rat, Mouse, and Hamster

Authors: Benson, J. M.1; Tibbetts, B. M.1; Thrall, K. D.2; Springer, D. L.2

Source: Inhalation Toxicology, Volume 13, Number 3, 1 March 2001 , pp. 207-217(11)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

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Abstract:

Carbon tetrachloride is hepatotoxic in rats, mice, and hamsters. However, rats are less sensitive to the hepatotoxic effects of CCl4 than the other two species. The purpose of this study was to compare the uptake, tissue distribution, and elimination of CCl4 by these three rodent species. Groups of 20 F344/Crl BR rats, B6C3F1 mice, and Syrian hamsters were exposed by nose-only inhalation for 4 h to 20 ppm 14C-labeled CCl4. The fate of 14C was followed in tissues, excreta, and exhaled breath for 48 h after the exposure. At the end of the exposure, concentrations of CCl4 equivalents (CE) in tissue were highest in liver of rats and mice, but highest in fat for rats. The liver received the highest dose of CCl4 equivalents with the following species ranking: mouse > hamster > rat. Patterns of CE elimination were species and tissue dependent, with the majority of elimination occurring within 48 h after exposure. Rats eliminated less radioactivity associated with metabolism (14CO2, urine and feces) and more radioactivity associated with parent compound (exhaled activity trapped on charcoal) than did mice or hamsters. The results indicate that ranking of species sensitivity to the hepatotoxic effects of inhaled CCl4 correlates with CE dose to liver and with the ability to metabolize CCl4.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08958370150502449

Affiliations: 1: Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA 2: Molecular Biosciences Department, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2001

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