Intraarticular location predicts cartilage filling and subchondral bone changes in a chondral defect
Source: Acta Orthopaedica, Volume 81, Number 5, October 2010 , pp. 619-627(9)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Background and purpose The natural history of, and predictive factors for outcome of cartilage restoration in chondral defects are poorly understood. We investigated the natural history of cartilage filling subchondral bone changes, comparing defects at two locations in the rabbit knee.
Animals and methods In New Zealand rabbits aged 22 weeks, a 4-mm pure chondral defect (ICRS grade 3b) was created in the patella of one knee and in the medial femoral condyle of the other. A stereo microscope was used to optimize the preparation of the defects. The animals were killed 12, 24, and 36 weeks after surgery. Defect filling and the density of subchondral mineralized tissue was estimated using Analysis Pro software on micrographed histological sections.
Results The mean filling of the patellar defects was more than twice that of the medial femoral condylar defects at 24 and 36 weeks of follow-up. There was a statistically significant increase in filling from 24 to 36 weeks after surgery at both locations.
The density of subchondral mineralized tissue beneath the defects subsided with time in the patellas, in contrast to the density in the medial femoral condyles, which remained unchanged.
Interpretation The intraarticular location is a predictive factor for spontaneous filling and subchondral bone changes of chondral defects corresponding to ICRS grade 3b. Disregarding location, the spontaneous filling increased with long-term follow-up. This should be considered when evaluating aspects of cartilage restoration.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: 1Martina Hansens Hospital, Bærum 2: 2Institute of Surgical Research, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo 3: 5Innlandet Hospital Lillehammer, Lillehammer 4: 3Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo 5: 6Division of Pathology, University of Oslo, and Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
Publication date: 2010-10-01