Different osteosyntheses for Colles' fracture
Source: Acta Orthopaedica, Volume 80, Number 2, April 2009 , pp. 239-244(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Background and purpose In recent years several different plate designs for internal fixation of fractures of the distal radius have been developed. However, few biomechanical studies have been performed to compare these new implants. The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical properties of 5 different commercially available plates (3 volar and 2 dorsal) with standard K-wire fixation using a distal radial cadaver model. Material and methods 42 human radial bones from 26 cadavers were included. The bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DEXA in all bones, and the radial bones were assigned to 6 equiv alent groups based on bone density and total amount of mineral. A distal radial osteotomy was done and a dorsal 30-degree wedge of bone was removed. 1 K-wire fixation group and 5 plate groups were tested for rigidity, yield load, and maximum load. Results When data from dorsally and volarly applied plates were pooled, we did not find any statistically significant differences between them regarding stiffness, yield load, and maximum load. The K-wire group showed significantly lower yield load than 3 of the plate groups. There were no statistically significant differences in yield load between the 5 plate groups. The K-wire group showed lower rigidity than the plate groups. The K-wire group and 1 plate group failed at a statistically significant lower maximum load than the 4 other plate groups. Interpretation The volar plates had the same mechanical stability as the dorsally applied plates, and they are therefore a good alternative to dorsally applied plates. K-wire osteosynthesis was inferior to plate osteosyntheses regarding all mechanical properties.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Helse-Bergen HF, Bergen, Norway,Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 2: Department of Clinical Dentistry - Biomaterials, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 3: Department of Surgical Sciences, the Gade Institute, Section for Pathology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Publication date: 2009-04-01