Surgical inaccuracy of tumor resection and reconstruction within the pelvis: An experimental study
Source: Acta Orthopaedica, Volume 79, Number 5, October 2008 , pp. 695-702(8)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Background and purpose Osseous pelvic tumors can be resected and reconstructed using massive bone allografts. Geometric accuracy of the conventional surgical procedure has not yet been documented. The aim of this experimental study was mainly to assess accuracy of tumoral resection with a 10-mm surgical margin, and also to evaluate the geometry of the host-graft reconstruction. Methods An experimental model on plastic pelvises was designed to simulate tumor resection and reconstruction. 4 experienced surgeons were asked to resect 3 different tumors and to reconstruct pelvises. 24 resections and host-graft junctions were available for evaluation. Resection margins were measured. Several methods were created to evaluate geometric properties of the host-graft junction. Results The probability of a surgeon obtaining a 10-mm surgical margin with a 5-mm tolerance above or below, was 52% (95% CI: 37-67). Maximal gap, gap volume, and mean gap between host and graft was 3.3 (SD 1.9) mm, 2.7 (SD 2.1) cm3 and 3.2 (SD 2.1) mm, respectively. Correlation between these 3 reconstruction measures and the degree of contact at the host-graft junction was poor. Interpretation 4 experienced surgeons did not manage to consistently respect a fixed surgical margin under ideal working conditions. The complex 3-dimensional architecture of the pelvis would mainly explain this inaccuracy. Solutions to this might be to increase the surgical margin or to use computer- and robotic-assisted technologies in pelvic tumor resection. Furthermore, our attempt to evaluate geometry of the pelvic reconstruction using simple parameters was not satisfactory. We believe that there is a need to define new standards of evaluation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Center for Research in Mechatronics (CEREM), Universite catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium 2: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Universite catholique de Louvain, Cliniques universitaires St-Luc, Brussels, Belgium 3: Statistics Institute, Universite catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Publication date: October 1, 2008