Simultaneous use of alcohol and cocaine: A qualitative investigation
Authors: Pakula, Basia; Macdonald, Scott; Stockwell, Tim; Sharma, Richa
Source: Journal of Substance Use, Volume 14, Number 2, April 2009 , pp. 101-112(12)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Objectives: The objectives of this qualitative investigation are two-fold: (1) to clarify issues related to measuring simultaneous use in the context of alcohol and cocaine; and (2) to explore the patterns of simultaneous use of cocaine and alcohol, focusing on temporal order, mode of administration, drug form, and drug dose. Methods: In-depth open-ended pilot interviews with simultaneous cocaine and alcohol users were conducted at a residential treatment centre in Ontario, Canada (n = 10). The interview transcripts were coded by three coders independently. Analyses of the transcripts were performed to identify emerging themes and to develop conceptual networks of codes. Findings: Respondents focused on the effects of introducing one substance after the other, rather than the combined effects of both alcohol and cocaine. They also discussed the importance of alcohol in relation to different methods of use, with alcohol being more common when cocaine was snorted, rather than injected or smoked. Finally, preliminary results suggest that the temporal order of cocaine or alcohol ingestion is related to differential functions of use. The study highlights the importance of developing better measures of patterns of simultaneous use to describe the complexity of alcohol and cocaine use and its effects.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Centre for Addictions Research of BC, Victoria, BC, Canada
Publication date: April 2009