Comparison of self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in the Australian Defence Force
Authors: Kirk, Katherine M.; McGuire, Annabel; Nasveld, Peter E.; Treloar, Susan A.
Source: International Journal of Audiology, Volume 51, Number 4, April 2012 , pp. 294-298(5)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Objective: To investigate the relationship between self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in a sample of Australian Defence Force personnel. Design: Responses to a question regarding hearing problems were compared with contemporaneous audiometric data. Study sample: 3335 members of the Australian Defence Force for whom anonymised medical records were available. Results: The sensitivity of self-report data to identify higher-frequency hearing loss was lower than sensitivity at other frequencies, and positive predictive values were moderate to poor at all frequencies. Performance characteristics of self-report compared with audiometric data also varied with age, sex, and rank. Conclusions: While self-report hearing loss data have good performance characteristics for estimating prevalence of hearing loss as defined by audiometric criteria, this study indicates that the usefulness of self-report data in identifying individuals with hearing loss may be limited in this population.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: The University of Queensland, Centre for Military and Veterans’ Health, Mayne Medical School, Brisbane, Australia
Publication date: April 1, 2012