The precision of anthropometric assessment of body fat distribution in children
Source: Annals of Human Biology, Volume 21, Number 3, Number 3/May-June 1994 , pp. 267-274(8)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Precision estimates are given for indices of body mass, fatness and body fat distribution in a sample of n = 19 subjects selected at random from a larger study of cardiovascular disease risk in school-aged children. The value of this study is that little is known about the measurement precision of ratio indices and multivariate constructs of body fat distribution in children or any other age group. Intra- and inter-observer precisions were highest for weight, height, body mass index and six body circumferences (0·95–0·99), and were lower and more variable for five skinfold thicknesses (0·80–0·99). The measurement precision of ratio indices derived from the circumferences (waist/hip and waist/thigh) and the skinfolds (subscapular/thigh and triceps/subscapular) were lower and more variable than precisions of the single variables. Circumference ratio precisions varied from 0·81 to 0·96 and skinfold ratios varied from 0·28 to 0·94. Precisions of a multivariate construct of central fat distribution from five skinfold measures were better (0·77–0·95), suggesting its greater efficacy. Inter-examiner precisions tended to be significantly lower than intra-examiner precisions for skinfold thicknesses and all composite indices. The lower precisions of ratio indices, compared to the measurement accuracy of the variables which make them up, needs to be considered in epidemiological studies of body fat distribution.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1994-05-01