Energetic cost of standard activities in Gurkha and British soldiers
Source: Annals of Human Biology, Volume 17, Number 2, Number 2/March-April 1990 , pp. 133-144(12)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Measurements of basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure at lying, sitting, standing, and performing a step test at four levels of exercise, were made on Gurkha soldiers stationed in Britain and on British controls matched by body weight and occupational background. There was no significant difference in basal metabolic rate (BMR), nor in the energy cost of lying, sitting and standing between the two groups. Gurkhas showed significantly lower gross and net energy expenditure, and so significantly greater net mechanical efficiency, at the lower levels of step exercise. The ratio of gross energy expenditure to BMR was lower in Gurkhas at the lowest rates of stepping compared with the British controls. These results suggest that the energy cost of some physical activities expressed as multiples of BMR may not be constant across populations.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Centre for Human Nutrition, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Department of Anthropology, University College London, UK 2: Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, UK
Publication date: Number 2/March-April 1990