Effect of inner ear blood flow changes in Meniere's model mice
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Volume 129, Number 3, March 2009 , pp. 244-253(10)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Conclusions. The endolymphatic sac (ES) is important for inner ear fluid homeostasis. A dysfunctional ES can cause vertigo attacks following additional stress such as a sudden change in endolymphatic volume and/or pressure, or restricted inner ear blood flow. Objective. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of vertigo attacks in Meniere's disease. Materials and methods. Adult CBA/J mice were given an intratympanic injection of lipopolysaccharide and an intraperitoneal injection of aldosterone. These 'model' animals had epinephrine or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) instilled into the middle ear cavity. Cochleae, vestibules, and endolymphatic sacs were studied morphologically by light microscopy. Results. The injection of epinephrine into the model animals reduced the endolymphatic hydrops in the cochlea, but also produced mild hydrops in the vestibule, which was never observed in untreated (control) animals. The ES did not react to epinephrine in the normal way. Injection of SNP did not cause any changes.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Otolaryngology, Hiroshima University Faculty of Medicine, Hiroshima 2: International Medical Center of Japan, Tokyo, Japan 3: Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
Publication date: 2009-03-01