Treatment for extracranial arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Volume 126, Number 3, Number 3/March 2006 , pp. 295-300(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Conclusions . For extracranial arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck (HNAVMs), in which the nidus was accessible via the percutaneous route, ethanol sclerotherapy was a feasible and safe first-line treatment, although successful outcomes were obtained for only about half of the subjects. For other HNAVMs, surgical excision with embolization may be the best choice of treatment. Objective . To suggest a treatment protocol for patients with HNAVMs by comparing the treatment outcomes and complications of ethanol sclerotherapy with those of surgical excision combined with embolization. Material and methods . Twenty patients who had been diagnosed with HNAVM and treated between 1995 and 2002 were retrospectively reviewed. Ethanol sclerotherapy, surgical excision and embolization were used as treatments, either alone or in various combinations. The treatment outcomes and complications with the different modalities were analyzed. Results . Ethanol sclerotherapy was used for 12 cases, with a success rate of 50.0% and a permanent complication rate of 8.3%. Surgical excision combined with embolization was used for 13 patients. Although all patients achieved successful resolution of their HNAVM after surgical excision, 15.4% suffered from permanent complications. In total, 16/20 patients (80.0%) eventually achieved a =75% reduction in the size of their lesions.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea 2: Congenital Vascular Malformation Clinic, University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea 3: Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan, University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Publication date: March 1, 2006