Diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastatic to mediastinal lymph nodes by endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Volume 125, Number 9, September 2005 , pp. 1014-1017(4)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:We report the case of a patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma who was diagnosed as having metastasis in mediastinal lymph nodes and successfully underwent systemic chemotherapy without surgery. A 61-year-old male with a history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma presented with odynophagia. Examination revealed two palpable lymph nodes in the right neck. Pharyngoscopy showed a mass in the left inferior pharyngeal mucosa, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed only chronic gastritis, with no sign of esophageal disease. Chest CT confirmed the presence of a non-enhancing 20-mm soft tissue mass in the paraesophageal area, with increased attenuation compared with the adjacent esophagus. To evaluate this lesion we applied endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA). Two passes were made with a 21-gauge fine needle and the patient tolerated the procedure well, without complications. Cytological findings were compatible with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma from a nasopharyngeal tumor, and the clinical stage was determined as T3N2bM1 (stage IVC) because of mediastinal lymph node metastasis. We thus determined the nodal status of a head and neck tumor by means of EUS-FNA. In conclusion, EUS-FNA is a safe and reliable technique for evaluation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and is especially valuable for head and neck tumors with suspected metastasis.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2005