Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Paclitaxel (Taxol®) and Radiation in a Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line of the Larynx
Authors: Preisler, Verena K.; Stopper, Helga; Schindler, Detlev; Friedl, Richard; Pfreundner, Leo; Hoppe, Florian; Hagen, Rudolf
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Volume 118, Number 4, 30 July 1998 , pp. 600-605(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Paclitaxel (Taxol®)is an antimicrotubular agent which blocks the cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Because of this mechanism it is presumed that this drug could function as a radiation sensitizer. The cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of paclitaxel and a combination of paclitaxel and radiation were studied in the human laryngeal carcinoma cell line HLac 79. The growth of the cells was significantly reduced at concentrations of paclitaxel as low as 10 nM. Flow cytometry data showed a G2/M block after exposure to paclitaxel. Radiation at 12 and 24 h after drug treatment exerted an additive but no radiation sensitizing effect. As genotoxic effect paclitaxel induced multinucleated cells, possibly in a synergistic manner, at low concentrations (10 nM) and radiation doses up to 3 Gy.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: July 30, 1998