Effectiveness of the ROBODOC system in preventing intraoperative pulmonary embolism
Authors: Hagio, Keisuke; Sugano, Nobuhiko; Takashina, Masaki; Nishii, Takashi; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Ochi, Takahiro
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, Volume 74, Number 3, June 2003 , pp. 264-269(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Intraoperative pulmonary embolism occurs not only during cemented but also during cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). We determined whether the ROBODOC femoral milling system can reduce intraoperative pulmonary embolism, by using of transesophageal echocardiography and hemodynamic monitoring. We did a prospective clinical trial with 71 patients (75 hips) who were divided into 2 groups: group 1, 46 patients (50 hips) who underwent cementless THA with preparation of the femoral canal using ROBODOC; group 2, 25 patients (25 hips) who underwent conventional cementless THA surgery in whom separate measurements were made during preparation of the femur, insertion of the stem and relocation of the hip. The incidence of severe embolic events was lower in group 1 than in group 2. Our findings suggest that the ROBODOC femoral milling system may reduce the risk of clinically significant pulmonary embolism during cementless THA.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-06-01