Cost-Benefit Analysis of 3D Conformal Radiation Therapy: Treatment of Prostate Cancer as a Model
Authors: Cho, Kwan H.; Khan, Faiz M.; Levitt, Seymour H.
Source: Acta Oncologica, Volume 38, Number 5, 28 June 1999 , pp. 603-612(10)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) is a promising new treatment technique based on the principle that improved precision in both tumor definition and dose delivery will enhance outcomes by maximizing dose to the tumor area while minimizing dose to normal tissue. Using a cost-benefit analysis, in terms of outcomes, we first examined the overall risks and benefits of 3D-CRT. We then used the treatment of prostate cancer as a model to compare actual clinical outcomes reported between 3D-CRT and standard radiation therapy (SRT). Our analysis shows that application of 3D-CRT to the clinical setting remains difficult because of the continual difficulties of target definition, and that dose escalation cannot yet be justified on the basis of the lack of benefit found, and suggested increased late toxicity, in most of the dose escalation series compared with SRT.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 28, 1999