Placental ischemia and changes in umbilical and uteroplacental arterial and venous hemodynamics
Authors: Thuring, Ann; Maršál, Karel; Laurini, Ricardo
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Volume 25, Number 6, June 2012 , pp. 750-755(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Objective: To relate Doppler velocimetry findings in fetoplacental and uteroplacental circulation to placental histomorphology. Material and methods: In 14 uncomplicated and 31 high-risk pregnancies Doppler velocimetry was performed in umbilical artery and vein, and in maternal uterine veins and arteries during the second half of gestation. Histopathology of the placentas was examined, especially for signs of ischemia and inflammation. Results: All fetuses in uncomplicated pregnancies had normal flow velocity waveforms in umbilical artery; in the high-risk group, 18 fetuses had abnormal flow (increased PI or absent/reverse end-diastolic flow). The latter group had more often high ischemic score and infarctions in the placenta than found in pregnancies with normal umbilical artery flow (p < 0.001 and p = 0.02, respectively). Similarly, the abnormal uterine artery flow pattern (uterine artery score 3-4) occurred more often with high ischemic score and placenta infarctions (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). No significant associations were found between the uterine venous flow type and placental ischemia. Conclusion: Placental ischemic morphological changes were associated with Doppler ultrasound signs of increased resistance to arterial blood flow, both on the fetal and maternal sides of the placenta. No significant relation to the uterine venous flow velocities was found.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2012-06-01