Prehypertension in a Mexican Population: Influence of Age, Gender, and Body Fat
Source: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, Volume 35, Number 1, February 2013 , pp. 67-73(7)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:We studied the association of age, gender, and distribution of body fat with prehypertension in a sample of Mexican adults. This study was performed in a sample of 900 adults (275 men and 625 women), with the median age of 42 years. Resting blood pressure was measured in duplicate, and prehypertension and hypertension were defined according to JNC 7 criteria. The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in our population was 11.56% and 26.5%, respectively. The prevalence of prehypertension was significantly higher in men than in women. Prehypertension was associated with middle and old age (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6 and 2.4, respectively, P < .001), abdominal obesity (OR = 1.3, P = .008), upper quintiles of body mass index (OR = 2.05, P = .005), waist (OR = 1.97, P = .01) and hip (OR = 2.04, P = .005) circumferences, and body fat (OR = 2.37, P = .001). The main factors associated with the development of prehypertension are age, central obesity, and body fat.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: 1Unidad Académica de Ciencias Químico Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, México 2: 2Instituto de Investigación en Reumatología y del Sistema Músculo Esquelético, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México 3: 3Laboratorio Central, Clínica Chilpancingo del Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, México
Publication date: 2013-02-01