Oxidative stress alters neuronal RNA- and protein-synthesis: Implications for neural viability

Authors: Ding, Qunxing1; Dimayuga, Edgardo2; Keller, Jeffrey N.1; †2

Source: Free Radical Research, Volume 41, Number 8, November 2007 , pp. 903-910(8)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

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Recent studies have demonstrated that impaired protein synthesis occurs in several neurodegenerative conditions associated with oxidative stress. Studies have also demonstrated that administration of oxidative stressors is sufficient to impair different and discrete regulatory aspects of protein synthesis in neural cells, with the majority of these studies focused on the effects of oxidative stressors towards initiation factors. Currently, little is known with regards to oxidative stress effects on the rates of RNA- and protein-synthesis, or the relationship between oxidant-induced impairments in RNA-/protein-synthesis to subsequent neuron death. In the present study, we demonstrate that administration of an oxidative stressor (hydrogen peroxide) induces a significant and time-dependent decrease in both RNA- and protein-synthesis in primary neurons and neural SH-SY5Y cells. Increases in RNA oxidation and disruption of ribosome complexes were selectively observed following the longer durations of oxidant exposure. Significant correlations between the loss of RNA- and protein-synthesis and the amount of oxidant-induced neuron death were also observed. Interestingly, the addition of a protein synthesis inhibitor (cycloheximide) did not significantly alter the amount of neuron death induced by the oxidative stressor. These data demonstrate that oxidant exposure promotes a time-dependent decrease in both RNA- and protein-synthesis in neurons, and demonstrate a role for elevations in RNA oxidation and ribosome dysfunction as potential mediators of impaired protein synthesis. These data also suggest that there is a complex relationship between the ability of oxidative stressors to modulate RNA- and protein-synthesis, and the ability of oxidative stressors to ultimately induce neuron death.

Keywords: Aging; Alzheimer's disease; neuron; ribosome; stroke; transcription

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10715760701416996

Affiliations: 1: 1Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY40536-0230, USA 2: 2Sanders Brown Center on Aging, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY40536-0230, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2007

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