Responding to treatment dropout: A review of controlled trials and suggested future directions
Source: Addiction Research and Theory, Volume 18, Number 3, August 2010 , pp. 298-315(18)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:This article reviews the evidence in support of current treatment dropout responses designed for use in outpatient, psychosocial-based alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment settings. A total of 17 publications meeting the inclusion criteria were identified for this review, reporting findings from 19 randomised controlled trials or controlled clinical trials. The methodological quality of these studies was largely sound; however, a lack of contextual information made it difficult to generalise the reported findings across treatment settings and the effectiveness of the reported strategies was modest at best. Future possibilities in dropout response research are subsequently discussed and a novel conceptual framework, termed treatment-fit, is described in detail. It is anticipated that the findings and ideas presented in this article will assist AOD treatment providers formulate an informed response to client dropout. It is also the authors’ intention to promote a fundamental shift in how treatment dropout is understood. Achieving such a shift, as will be argued, may result in a truly effective response to treatment dropout.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: 1Gambling and Addictions Research Centre, AUT University, Auckland 1142, New Zealand 2: 2School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand 3: 3School of Pharmacy, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Publication date: August 1, 2010