Amphetamine users in Amsterdam: Patterns of use and modes of self-regulation
Source: Addiction Research and Theory, Volume 14, Number 2, April 2006 , pp. 159-188(30)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:After identifying some omissions in existing literature on research on amphetamine use, this article sets forth to answer some questions with respect to (1) use patterns, (2) advantages and disadvantages of amphetamine use as experienced by users, (3) the formal and informal modes of control that users employ to reduce or negate negative side effects of amphetamine use, and (4) the role of context variables in fostering in facilitating these modes of control. The article draws on a sample of 109 experienced and recent amphetamine users in Amsterdam and a follow-up sample of 67 respondents of the original 109. Through a discussion of use patterns over long periods of time, a longitudinal perspective is provided. In a large majority of cases, respondents reduced their levels of use or stopped using amphetamine altogether after a relatively brief period of time. Data from our follow-up survey suggest that users tend to develop mechanisms of self-regulation, even those who at some point showed signs of ‘losing control'; respondents either quit or diminish their use or, in rare cases, accommodate high-level amphetamine use within their daily lives. We discuss the numerous explicit and implicit rules that regulate drug consumption and prevent escalation of problems related to amphetamine consumption. These results inform a discussion about policies toward the consumption of amphetamine.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2006