Adhesive properties: a critical issue in transdermal patch development
Authors: Cilurzo, Francesco; Gennari, Chiara G M; Minghetti, Paola
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, Volume 9, Number 1, January 2012 , pp. 33-45(13)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Introduction: Transdermal patches and medicated plasters (patch) represent well-established prolonged release dosage forms. Even if satisfactory adhesion to the skin is strictly linked to the efficacy and safety of the therapeutic treatment, nowadays numerous reports of in vivo ‘adhesion lacking’ are still addressed to regulatory agencies. The adhesive properties of a patch should be characterized considering i) the ability to form a bond with the surface of another material on brief contact and under light pressure (tack); ii) the resistance of the adhesive to flow (shear adhesion); and iii) the force required to peel away a patch from a surface (peel adhesion).
Areas covered: In this manuscript, the most widely used methods to measure adhesive properties during development studies are described, along with the quality control of patches. The influence of formulative variables on patch adhesive properties, and their possible relationship with the in vivo adhesion performances, is also discussed.
Expert opinion: The Pharmacopoeias should consider the opportunity of introducing compendial testing to assay the quality of adhesive patch properties, and regulatory agencies should issue proper guidelines to evaluate these features during development.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Università degli Studi di Milano, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Via G. Colombo, 71 – 20131 – Milano, Italy ++390250324635; ++390250324657;, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: January 2012