Solid dispersions, Part I: recent evolutions and future opportunities in manufacturing methods for dissolution rate enhancement of poorly water-soluble drugs
Author: Bikiaris, Dimitrios N
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, Volume 8, Number 11, November 2011 , pp. 1501-1519(19)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Introduction: In recent years, the number of active pharmaceutical ingredients with high therapeutic impact, but very low water solubility, has increased significantly. Thus, a great challenge for pharmaceutical technology is to create new formulations and efficient drug-delivery systems to overcome these dissolution problems.
Areas covered: Drug formulation in solid dispersions (SDs) is one of the most commonly used techniques for the dissolution rate enhancement of poorly water-soluble drugs. Generally, SDs can be defined as a dispersion of active ingredients in molecular, amorphous and/or microcrystalline forms into an inert carrier. This review covers literature which states that the dissolution enhancement of SDs is based on the fact that drugs in the nanoscale range, or in amorphous phase, dissolve faster and to a greater extent than micronized drug particles. This is in accordance to the Noyes–Whitney equation, while the wetting properties of the used polymer may also play an important role.
Expert opinion: The main factors why SD-based pharmaceutical products on the market are steadily increasing over the last few years are: the recent progress in various methods used for the preparation of SDs, the effect of evolved interactions in physical state of the drug and formulation stability during storage, the characterization of the physical state of the drug and the mechanism of dissolution rate enhancement.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry and Technology, GR-541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece, Email: email@example.com
Publication date: November 2011