Towards a targeted multi-drug delivery approach to improve therapeutic efficacy in breast cancer
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, Volume 7, Number 10, October 2010 , pp. 1159-1173(15)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Importance of the field: Significant improvements in breast cancer treatments have resulted in a significant decrease in mortality. However, current breast cancer therapies, for example, chemotherapy, often result in high toxicity and nonspecific side effects. Other treatments, such as hormonal and antiangiogenic therapies, often have low treatment efficacy if used alone. In addition, acquired drug resistance decreases further the treatment efficacy of these therapies. Intra-tumor heterogeneity of the tumor tissue may be a major reason for the low treatment efficacy and the development of chemoresistance. Therefore, targeted multi-drug therapy is a valuable option for addressing the multiple mechanisms that may be responsible for reduced efficacy of current therapies.
Areas covered in this review: In this article, different classes of drugs for treating breast cancer, the possible reasons for the drug resistance in breast cancer, as well as different targeted drug delivery systems are summarized. The current targeting strategies used in cancer treatment are discussed.
What the reader will gain: This article considers the current state of breast cancer therapy and the possible future directions in targeted multi-drug delivery for treating breast cancer.
Take home message: A better understanding of tumor biology and physiological responses to nanoparticles, as well as advanced nanoparticle design, are needed to improve the therapeutic outcomes for treating breast cancer using nanoparticle-based targeted drug delivery systems. Moreover, selective delivery of multi-drugs to tumor tissue using targeted drug delivery systems may reduce systemic toxicity further, overcome drug resistances, and improve therapeutic efficacy in treating breast cancer.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: 1Temple University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1947 North, 12th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA +1 215 204 3307; +1 215 204 4956;, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: 2Temple University School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
Publication date: 2010-10-01