Herpes simplex virus entry receptor nectin-1 is widely expressed in the murine eye
Source: Current Eye Research, Volume 29, Numbers 4-5, Numbers 4-5/October-November 2004 , pp. 303-309(7)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Purpose. Nectin-1 belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily, mediates cell-cell adhesion in cadherin-based adherens junctions, and acts as a receptor for herpes simplex virus (HSV). The goals of this study were (1) to determine whether nectin-1 is expressed in ocular tissue that is an important target of HSV infections and (2) to determine whether HSV type 1 (HSV-1) infection affects nectin-1 expression in the eye.Methods. Expression of nectin-1 and HSV-1 protein was determined by immunohistochemical analysis of ocular tissues of untreated BALB/c mice and mice that were euthanized either 7 days or 7 months after corneal inoculation of HSV-1 or sterile tissue-culture medium (mock).Results. In ocular tissues derived from untreated and mock-infected mice, widespread nectin-1 expression was detected among cells of the corneal epithelium and endothelium, conjunctiva, lens epithelium, ciliary body, iris, choroid, and retina. However, fibroblasts in the corneal stroma and the sclera did not express detectable levels of nectin-1. Ocular tissues from mice euthanized 7 days after corneal inoculation of HSV-1 frequently demonstrated corneal ulceration and inflammation and HSV-1 protein expression in the corneal epithelium, stroma, endothelium, conjunctiva, iris, and ciliary body but rarely in the retina. Ocular tissues from mice euthanized 7 months after HSV-1 inoculation demonstrated corneal epithelial and stromal inflammation, but HSV-1 protein expression was not detected. HSV-1 infection did not lead to a loss of nectin-1 expression in any of the tissues examined. In contrast to uninfected corneas, the inflamed and vascularized stroma of infected corneas contained mononuclear inflammatory cells, vascular cells, and fibroblasts that stained positive for nectin-1.Conclusions. Findings report that nectin-1 is widely expressed in murine ocular tissues. Only fibroblasts in the corneal stroma and sclera of uninfected tissues were devoid of nectin-1 expression. HSV-1-infected inflamed corneas contained some stromal fibroblasts with detectable nectin-1 expression, which potentially could be targeted by the virus. Widespread nectin-1 expression in the eye suggests that this receptor may play a role in the pathogenesis of ocular HSV infections.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathology University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine USA 2: Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine USA
Publication date: 2004-10-01