Percutaneous Transhepatic Portal Vein Embolization: Effectiveness of Absolute Ethanol Infusion with Balloon Catheter in a Pig Model
Authors: Satake, M.; Tateishi, U.; Kobayashi, T.; Murata, S.; Kumazaki, T.
Source: Acta Radiologica, 1 July 2005, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 344-352(9)
Abstract:Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of portal vein embolization (PVE) with absolute ethanol using multidetector-row computed tomography (CT) angiography in a pig model. Material and Methods: Percutaneous transhepatic PVE with 10 ml absolute ethanol was performed in liver segments ( n ?=?5) or subsegments ( n ?=?5) in 10 pigs. CT images and volumetric data were qualitatively and quantitatively assessed to determine future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy and to correlate with histopathologic changes 2–6 weeks after PVE. Effectiveness evaluation was based on changes in absolute FLR size and ratio of FLR to total estimated liver volume (TELV). Results: Occlusion of the embolized vessel was achieved immediately after injecting absolute ethanol within a range of 0.25–0.33 ml/kg. The TELV prior to PVE was 660.49±103.66 cm 3 (range 527.22 to 833.70 cm 3 ) and after PVE 769.51±29.36 cm 3 (range 685.95 to 887.34 cm 3 ). The mean FLR/TELV ratio increase after PVE was 14.2%. No statistically significant difference was found in the increase of TELV between segmental or subsegmental PVE. On microscopic observation, atrophy of the embolized liver was noted in all animals and was seen distinctly at 3 weeks after PVE in 2 animals. Conclusion: Both regenerative response and histopathologic changes of the liver were seen after PVE with absolute ethanol with a mean FLR/TELV ratio of 14.2%.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Division of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center Hospital and Department of Radiology, Nippon Medical University, Tokyo, Japan