Continuous monitoring of fetal scalp temperature in labor: a new technology validated in a fetal lamb model
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Volume 89, Number 6, June 2010 , pp. 807-812(6)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:<title>Abstract</title> Objective. To evaluate a new technical equipment for continuous recording of human fetal scalp temperature in labor. Design. Experimental animal study. Methods. Two temperature sensors were placed subcutaneously and intracranially on the forehead of 10 fetal lambs and connected to a temperature monitoring system. The system records temperatures simultaneously on-line and stores data to be analyzed off-line. Throughout the experiment, the fetus was oxygenated via the umbilical cord circulation. Asphyxia was induced by intermittent cord compression, as assessed by pH in jugular vein blood. The intracranial (ICT) and subcutaneous (SCT) temperatures were compared with simple and polynomial regression analyses. Main outcome measures. Absolute and delta ICT and SCT changes. Results. ICT and SCT were both successfully recorded in all 10 cases. With increasing acidosis, the temperatures decreased. The correlation coefficient between ICT and SCT had a range of 0.76-0.97 (median 0.88) by simple linear regression and 0.80-0.99 (median 0.89) by second grade polynomial regression. After an initial system stabilization period of 10 minutes, the delta temperature values (ICT minus SCT) were less than 1.5°C throughout the experiment in all but one case. Conclusions. The fetal forehead SCT mirrored the ICT closely, with the ICT being higher.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, University Hospital MAS, Malmö, Sweden 2: 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden 3: 3Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Publication date: 2010-06-01