Adiponectin isoform distribution in serum and in follicular fluid of women undergoing treatment by ICSI
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Volume 89, Number 6, June 2010 , pp. 782-788(7)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Objective. Adiponectin is an adipokine, present in the circulation in comparatively high concentrations and different molecular weight isoforms. For the first time, the distribution of these isoforms in serum and follicular fluid (FF) and their usefulness as biological markers for infertility investigations was studied. Design. In vitro study. Setting. University based hospital. Population and sample. Fifty-four women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods. Oocytes were retrieved, fertilized in vitro using ICSI, and the resulting embryos transferred. Serum was collected immediately prior to oocyte retrieval. Adiponectin isoforms (high molecular weight (HMW), medium and low molecular weight) were determined in serum and FF. Total adiponectin and the different isoform levels were compared with leptin and ovarian steroid concentrations. Main outcome measures. Adiponectin isoforms in serum and FF. Results. Adiponectin isoform distribution differed between serum and FF; the HMW fraction made up half of all adiponectin in the serum but only 23.3% in the FF. Total and HMW adiponectin in both serum and FF correlated negatively with the body mass index and the concentration of leptin. No correlations were observed for total adiponectin or its isoforms with estradiol, progesterone, anti-Mullerian hormone, inhibin B, or the total follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) dose administered during the ovarian stimulation phase. Conclusions. This study shows for the first time that adiponectin isoform distribution varies between the serum and FF compartments in gonadotropin stimulated patients. A trend towards higher HMW adiponectin serum levels in successful ICSI cycles compared to implantation failures was observed; studies with larger patient groups are required to confirm this observation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Endometriosis and Human Reproduction, University of Berne, Switzerland 2: 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, CHUV, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date: June 1, 2010