What determines the analgesic effect of paracervical block?
Authors: Palomäki, Outi; Huhtala, Heini; Kirkinen, Pertti
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Volume 84, Number 10, October 2005 , pp. 962-966(5)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
The objective of the study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of paracervical block (PCB) in labor pain relief and to discover the determinants associated with good analgesia. Methods.
In a prospective trial, 341 women received PCB for pain relief in the first stage of labor, with 10 ml of 0.25% levobupivacaine or racemic bupivacaine. All these pregnancies were uncomplicated and the progress of labor was normal. The analgesic effect of PCB was measured by using a visual analog scale (VAS). The factors associated with good pain relief (>50% decrease in the VAS score within 30 min) were analyzed statistically by Student's t-test or the Mann–Whitney test (continuous variables), Fisher's exact test (categorial variables) and after univariate analysis by logistic regression analysis. For pairwise comparisons, Wilcoxon's signed ranks test was used. Results.
Good pain relief was achieved in 47.2% of the cases. 12.3% of the parturients needed subsequent epidural or spinal analgesia. In logistic regression analysis, primiparity, a high pain score before PCB, and PCB given by a specialized obstetrician were found to affect the level of pain relief 30 min after PCB. Conclusions.
The best pain relief after PCB was achieved among primiparas. Good pain relief was connected with a high pain score before PCB and an experienced obstetrician.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tampere University Hospital,
Publication date: 2005-10-01