Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy: a new diagnostic tool in infertility investigation
Authors: Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Lundorff, Per
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Volume 81, Number 9, September 2002 , pp. 882-885(4)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Abstract:Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2002; 81: 882–885. © Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2002 Background.
To establish the value of a new technique called transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy for exploration of the tubo-ovarian structures in the management of patients with unexplained infertility. Methods.
A total of 120 women with primary or secondary infertility, and without obvious pelvic pathology, were included in the study. The first 14 patients received general anesthesia and underwent transvaginal laparoscopy immediately before standard laparoscopy. The remaining 106 patients had transvaginal laparoscopy performed under local anesthesia, with standard laparoscopy performed only on those with pathology, which required operative intervention. Information on pathology, complications, and successful access to the pouch of Douglas were recorded. Results.
The successful rate of access was 93%. Pathology was found in 29 patients, of whom 15 required operative laparoscopy. Also, out of 19 patients with adhesions, 11 (58%) had normal dye test bilateral, and only two (11%) had bilateral occlusion of the tubes. No complications were observed. Conclusion.
Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy is a safe and well-tolerated method for investigating the tubo-ovarian structures in unexplained infertility. It is superior to hysterosalpingography for diagnosis of adhesions.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Viborg sygehus, Viborg, Denmark
Publication date: September 1, 2002