Visualization of Energy Band Alignment in Thin-Film Optoelectronic Devices with Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy
Understanding the energy band alignment across multiple layers in thin-film optoelectronic devices is extremely important because it governs elementary optoelectronic processes, such as charge carrier generation, separation, transport, recombination and collection. This monograph summarizes recent progress in visualization of energy band alignment in thin-film optoelectronic devices, such as organic solar cells (OSCs) and organic-inorganic perovskite photodetectors from our group by using scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM). Since active layers are enclosed by the top and bottom electrodes in vertically stacked devices, it is highly challenging to study the energy band alignment under operando conditions. Thus, cross-sectional SKPM has been developed to resolve this challenge. The results demonstrated that the interlayer was one of the most important factors for adjusting energy band alignment, determining device polarity and improving device performance. The characterization methods described in this monograph are poised to be widely applied to research in various thin-film optoelectronic devices, such as photovoltaic devices, photodetectors and light-emitting diodes (LEDs), especially those devices with tandem structures.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: . i-Lab, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
Publication date: 2017-10-15
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- Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, founded in 1985, is sponsored by the Chinese Chemical Society and organized by the College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, PekingUniversity. Since 1997, Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica has been indexed in SCI of ISI (US). Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica is devoted to reporting new and original experimental and theoretical basic research of interest to physical chemists, biophysical chemists, and material physical chemists. Manuscripts that are essentially reporting data, applications of data, or reviews of the literature are not suitable for publication in Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica.
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