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NMR Paramagnetic Relaxation Enhancement: Test of the Controlling Influence of ZFS Rhombicity for S = 1

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Prior theoretical work has predicted that the NMR paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (NMR-PRE) produced by electron spin S = 1 ions is highly sensitive to orthorhombic terms in the static zero field splitting (zfs) tensor. Zfs orthorhombicity (which implies chemical inequivalence of the three principal directions of the zfs-principal axis system and is described by the zfs E-parameter) is predicted to suppress the NMR-PRE profoundly relative to the reference cylindrical zfs-limit situation. This expectation was tested experimentally by a comparison of the zfs-limit NMR-PRE produced by [Ni(II)(en)3]2+ (en = ethylenediamine), a trigonal complex which lacks zfs-rhombicity, with the zfs-limit NMR-PRE produced by two orthorhombic complexes, [Ni(II)(en)2(H2O)2]2+ and [Ni(II)(en)(H2O)4]2+. As predicted, the zfs-limit NMR-PRE produced by the orthorhombic complexes in the proton resonance of a dioxane probe species in the solvent was strongly suppressed (by factors of approximately 5 and 7, respectively) relative to the comparable measurement on the trigonal complex. The suppression of the NMR-PRE due to the orthorhombic zfs terms is counteracted by an applied Zeeman field, leading to a predicted rise in the NMR-PRE with increasing Zeeman field strength; this rise occurs when the Zeeman energy is comparable to the orthorhombic zfs splitting, 2E. This second prediction of theory was likewise confirmed: the expected rhombicity-induced magnetic field dependence in the NMR-PRE was observed for the orthorhombic complexes but not for the trigonal complex.

Keywords: paramagnetic NMR; relaxation; rhombicity; zero field splitting; zfs

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109

Publication date: February 1, 2001

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