Selection Rules for Multiple Quantum NMR Excitation in Solids: Derivation from Time-Reversal Symmetry and Comparison with Simulations and 13C NMR Experiments

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New derivations of selection rules for excitation and detection of multiple quantum coherences in coupled spin-1/2 systems are presented. The selection rules apply to experiments in which the effective coupling Hamiltonian used for multiple quantum excitation is both time-reversal invariant and time-reversible by a phase shift of the radiofrequency pulse sequence that generates the effective couplings. The selection rules are shown to be consequences of time-reversal invariance and time-reversibility and otherwise independent of the specific form of the effective coupling Hamiltonian. Numerical simulations of multiple quantum NMR signal amplitudes and experimental multiple quantum excitation spectra are presented for the case of a multiply 13C-labeled helical polypeptide. The simulations and experiments confirm the selection rules and demonstrate their impact on multiple quantum 13C NMR spectra in this biochemically relevant case.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Building 5, Room 112, Bethesda, Maryland, 20892-0520

Publication date: August 1, 1999

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