Previously, it has been shown that the use of pulsed field gradients in one-dimensional NOE experiments results in spectra of much higher quality than it has previously been possible to record. Such high-quality spectra make it possible to measure, with complete confidence, very small NOE enhancements and also make it straightforward to measure NOE buildup curves. In this paper, the spin dynamics behind these NOE experiments with gradients are analyzed in detail; the effects of strong coupling and molecular diffusion are also examined. It is also shown how the basic experiments can be improved upon, in particular how unwanted anti-phase contributions (SPT effects) can be eliminated entirely. Experimental illustrations of the various methods and improvements are given and practical recommendations made as to how the experiments are best performed.
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, United Kingdom 2:
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California, 92717