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Chiodecton epiphyllum is a lichenicolous fungus on Coenogonium flavicans and belongs in the genusPlectocarpon (Arthoniales: Roccellaceae)

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The biological status of Chiodecton epiphyllum (Arthoniales:Roccellaceae), described as a foliicolous lichen from Papua New Guinea, is reassessed, based on additional material from Brazil, Costa Rica, and Papua New Guinea. The species is a lichenicolous fungus growing on the foliicolous lichen Coenogonium flavicans (Gyalectales: Gyalectaceae). Furthermore, its ascomatal anatomy and lichenicolous growth habit suggest placement in the related genus Plectocarpon, instead of Chiodecton. We therefore propose the new combinationPlectocarpon epiphyllum[Bas.: Chiodecton epiphyllum]. The species is further lectotypified on its ascomata since parts of the original description which denote vegetative characteristics refer to the sterile thallus of the host lichen.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Lehrstuhl für Pflanzensystematik, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, D-95440, Germany 2: Musée national d'histoire naturelle, 25 rue Munster, Luxembourg, L-2160, Luxembourg 3: Department of Botany, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605-2496, USA 4: Department of Botany, University of Liège, Sart Tilman B22, Liège, B-4000, Belgium

Publication date: November 1, 2001

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