Traveling Waves in Lattice Dynamical Systems

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Abstract:

In this paper, we study the existence and stability of traveling waves in lattice dynamical systems, in particular, in lattice ordinary differential equations (lattice ODEs) and in coupled map lattices (CMLs). Instead of employing the moving coordinate approach as for partial differential equations, we construct a local coordinate system around a traveling wave solution of a lattice ODE, analogous to the local coordinate system around a periodic solution of an ODE. In this coordinate system the lattice ODE becomes a nonautonomous periodic differential equation, and the traveling wave corresponds to a periodic solution of this equation. We prove the asymptotic stability with asymptotic phase shift of the traveling wave solution under appropriate spectral conditions. We also show the existence of traveling waves in CML's which arise as time-discretizations of lattice ODEs. Finally, we show that these results apply to the discrete Nagumo equation. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Mathematics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, 30332 2: Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, 02912 3: Department of Mathematics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 36849

Publication date: November 1, 1998

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