The stability during low-temperature storage of an antifreeze protein isolated from the roots of cold-acclimated carrots
Source: Cryobiology, Volume 44, Number 3, June 2002 , pp. 307-310(4)
Publisher: Academic Press
Abstract:Natural antifreeze proteins (AFPs) not only inhibit freezing at high subzero temperatures; they have the additional properties of inhibiting the recrystallization of ice during warming and of preventing devitrification. The natural AFP that occurs in the roots of cold-acclimated carrots can be extracted reasonably simply and is non-toxic: it was selected for study as a possible ingredient of the vitrification mixtures that are being developed for use in tissue cryopreservation. For this application, it would be essential for the AFP to remain active during prolonged storage at very low temperatures. For logistic reasons, it would also be essential to have an effective method of storage of the purified AFP itself. In this study, carrot AFP was isolated and purified, and its ability to inhibit recrystallization was monitored over 40 weeks of storage at -80 or -196 °C. The data revealed a progressive decrease in activity during storage, reaching half the original activity in 10–20 weeks and only 2–3% of the original activity at 40 week. These data suggest that carrot AFP will not be effective in tissue cryopreservation.
© 2002 Elsevier Science (USA)
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Medical Cryobiology Unit, Department of Biology, University of York, P.O. Box 373, York YO10 5YW, UK 2: Centre for Novel Agricultural Products, Department of Biology, University of York, York YO10 5YW, UK
Publication date: June 1, 2002