Gut Colonization by an Ice Nucleation Active Bacterium, Erwinia (Pantoea) ananas Reduces the Cold Hardiness of Mulberry Pyralid Larvae
Authors: Watanabe K.; Sato M.
Source: Cryobiology, Volume 38, Number 4, June 1999 , pp. 281-289(9)
Publisher: Academic Press
To evaluate the suitability of using ice nucleation active (INA) bacteria for the biological control of insect pests, the supercooling point (SCP) of larvae of mulberry pyralid, Glyphodes duplicalis, and silkworm, Bombyx mori, ingesting INA strains of Erwinia (Pantoea) ananas and Pseudomonas syringae was determined. Mean SCP of the guts of silkworm larvae ingesting INA strains of E. ananas ranged from -2.5 to -2.8°C, being 5°C higher than that in control treatments. Similarly, mean SCP of mulberry pyralid larvae ingesting INA strain of E. ananas, which can grow well in the gut, was -4.7°C at 3 days after treatment, being 6.5°C higher than that in control treatments. On the other hand, mean SCP of the larvae-ingesting INA strain of P. syringae, which cannot grow in the gut, was -9.0°C at 3 days after treatment, rising by only 2.5°C higher than that in the control treatments. In addition, more than 80% of the larvae of mulberry pyralid ingesting the INA strain of E. ananas froze and eventually died when exposed to -6°C for 18 h, while only 36% of the larvae ingesting the INA strain of P. syringae, or approximately 20% of the control larvae, froze and died. Thus, the gut colonization by INA strains of E. ananas reduced remarkably the cold hardiness of the insects. These findings suggest that INA strains of E. ananas could be effective as a potential biological control agent of insect pests. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: Department of Insect Physiology and Behavior, National Institute of Sericultural and Entomological Science, Ibaraki, 1-2 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, 305-8634, Japan
Publication date: 1999-06-01